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In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is making insulin but the insulin is not able to act on the body’s cells to let the glucose in (insulin resistance). The pancreas then has to make more insulin. If glucose cannot get into the cells, there is too much glucose in the blood and eventually the pancreas cannot make enough insulin to keep the balance right. This can cause the symptoms and health problems related to diabetes.

There is no single cause for type 2 diabetes but certain lifestyle or risk factors are thought to contribute to its development. Risk factors include:

  • being above your healthy weight range
  • eating an unhealthy diet
  • smoking
  • a waist measurement above recommendations (80cm for women; 90cm for men)
  • not engaging in 60 minutes of moderately intense physical activity each day and
  • having a family history of type 2 diabetes

Previously known as non-insulin dependent or mature age onset diabetes Type 2 diabetes now affects people of all ages. As the most common form of diabetes it affects 85 to 90% of all people diagnosed with diabetes.

AusDRisk - Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool a risk factor calculator provides information about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

For more information, go to our information sheets. Members of Healthy Living NT receive additional up to date information. To become a member, please click here.

NDSS Important Links

My Health Balance
This program is suitable for adults who are interested in living a healthy lifestyle. It is a free, session based program that can assist in making healthy behaviour changes.

Minding Diabetes
This self-assessment tool that raises Registrants' awareness about the psychosocial and mental health issues they may experience as a consequence of managing their diabetes and guides them in seeking assistance if needed. Click here for the Minding Diabetes self-assessment tool.