Any rise in blood glucose levels must be taken seriously because it may be a sign of pre-diabetes. This is a risk factor for heart disease as well as developing type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes is when blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. During this time, cells are becoming resistant to insulin. Insulin is needed to let the glucose into the cells. If glucose cannot get into the cells, there is too much glucose in the blood and this can cause the symptoms and health problems related to diabetes.
There are 3 pre-diabetes conditions related to type 2 diabetes:
- Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG)
- Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
- Gestational Diabetes
To reduce your chances of developing pre-diabetes or if you have this condition and want to reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes, it is recommended you: eat a healthy diet, increase your physical activity, reduce your waist measurement and follow recommendations from your health professionals. It is also advisable to see your doctor yearly for screening for the development of type 2 diabetes.
AusDRisk - Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool a risk factor calculator provides information about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Research has also shown that if you take action to manage your blood glucose when you have pre-diabetes and take positive steps to change your lifestyle, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.
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